Transport Subsidy Scheme

In order to facilitate the process of industrialization in hilly, remote and inaccessible areas, transport incentive is provided to the states of North Eastern Region (including Sikkim) under North Eastern Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS) – 2017, Jammu & Kashmir under Industrial Development Scheme – 2017 and Lakshadweep and A&N Islands under Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Island Development Scheme – 2018. Under these schemes, all eligible industrial units can avail incentive on transportation of only finished goods through Railways or the Railway Public Sector Undertakings, Inland Waterways or scheduled airline (shipping for Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands also) for a period of five years from the date of commencement of commercial production/operation.

Industrial Units can avail Incentives:

Under the above-mentioned schemes, all eligible industrial units can avail incentive on transportation of only finished goods through Railways or the Railway Public Sector Undertakings, Inland Waterways or scheduled airline (shipping for Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands also) for five years from the date of commencement of commercial production/operation.

Freight Subsidy Scheme (FSS):

  • The FSS (2013) replaced the Transport Subsidy Scheme, 1971.
  • It was in operation in all 8 North Eastern States, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, J&K, Darjeeling District of West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep islands.
  • The FSS has been discontinued since 22.11.2016. But, the industrial units under these schemes during their currency are eligible for the benefits of the scheme.
  • While the inland transport incentive is available for certain landlocked states, there is no proposal to provide the same to the state of Chhattisgarh.

About Transport Subsidy Scheme –

The government of India had introduced Transport Subsidy Scheme (TSS) on 23.7.1971 to develop industrialization in the remote, hilly and inaccessible areas.

Scheme Objectives:

The objective is to develop industrialization in the remote, hilly and inaccessible areas in 8 North Eastern Region.

Implementing Agency:

DIPP (Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion) is the implementing agency of TSS/FSS.

Monitoring and Review Mechanism:

  • In order to check any misuse, Directorates of Industries in each beneficiary State/UT are required to:
  • Carry out periodical checks to ensure that the raw materials/finished goods for which transport subsidy is given in actually used for the intended purpose,
  • To draw up procedures and arrangements for scrutinizing the claims and for promoting payment of the claims,
  • To lay down a system of pre-registration and to fix and indicate the capacity of the units during registration,
  • To lay down the procedure to ensure regular inflow of information regarding the movement of raw material and finished goods,
  • To lay down that statistics of production and utilization or raw material should be maintained and kept open for inspection.
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Delhi government launches platform to provide real time data of buses in the capital

To increase transparency and build transport solutions, the transport department of the Delhi government on Friday launched the Open Transit Data platform which provides real-time datasets free of cost.

Through this, the government aims to provide real-time data which can be used by third party app developers and researchers. This includes geo-coordinates of all bus stops, route maps, timetables as well as the real-time GPS feeds of bus locations which will be updated every 10 seconds.

Through this, the government aims to provide real-time data which can be used by third party app developers and researchers. This includes geo-coordinates of all bus stops, route maps, timetables as well as the real-time GPS feeds of bus locations which will be updated every 10 seconds.

The portal was designed and developed by IIIT Delhi on behalf of the Delhi government. The government believes that the application developer and researchers would be able to use the data for bringing out transport solutions.

It is a major step to promote collaboration and co-creation of innovative and inclusive transport solutions for the people of Delhi. This initiative will provide a lot of useful information at the fingertips of citizens and encourage more and more people to switch to public transport, thereby impacting pollution.

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Bhopal and Kolkata come up tops in CSE rankings of some Indian cities on clean transportation

Indian cities are experiencing an explosive motorization phase. It had taken 60 years – from 1952 to 2008 – for the number of registered vehicles in the country to reach 105 million. But thereafter, the same number was added in a mere six years – between 2009 and 2015. At the same time, the share of public transport in overall transportation modes is expected to decrease from 75.5 percent in 2000-01, to 44.7 percent in 2030-31.

In the study, with an aggregate of toxic emissions from urban commuting practices, such as particulate matter and nitrogen oxides, the cities were ranked based on calculations of heat-trapping (CO2). The study took two approaches to rank the cities one based on overall emission and energy consumption and the other on per person trip emissions and energy consumption.

Kolkata is the top-performing megacity. Bhopal leads the list on the lowest overall emissions.

Delhi and Hyderabad are the two cities that fare at the bottom of the table in terms of pollution and energy use.

In terms of overall emissions and energy consumption, Bhopal was followed by Vijayawada, Chandigarh, and Lucknow.

Kolkata, which comes in at the sixth place on overall emissions, won among the six megacities.

In fact, smaller cities such as Ahmedabad and Pune ranked below Kolkata for overall emissions.

Delhi ranked at the bottom of the table for overall emission. Hyderabad, Bengaluru, and Chennai fared a little better than Delhi.

Concerns and causes:

Motorization in India is explosive. Initially, it took 60 years (1951-2008) for India to cross the mark of 105 million registered vehicles. Thereafter, the same number of vehicles was added in a mere six years (2009-15).

According to the report, though metropolitan cities scored better than megacities due to lower population, lower travel volume, and lower vehicle numbers, they were at risk due to a much higher share of personal vehicle trips.

Importance of public transport: Kolkata provides a resounding message that despite population growth and rising travel demand, it is possible to contain motorization. This is possible only with a well established public transport culture, compact city design, high street density and restricted availability of land for roads and parking. Both Kolkata and Mumbai have grown with a unique advantage of a public transport spine well integrated with existing land use patterns.

Independent of income levels: Mumbai had the highest GDP but a lower rate of motorization compared with other megacities, proving that income levels were not the only reason for deciding a population’s dependence on automobiles.

Meanwhile, Chennai was the first city to adopt a non-motorized transport (NMT) policy in 2004 that aims to arrest the decline of walking or cycling by creating a network of footpaths, bicycle tracks, and greenways.

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Mission Raftaar

The Railways today conducted a one-day workshop ‘Mission Raftaar’ in which officials discussed ways to increase the average speed of freight and passenger trains, a statement from the ministry said.

Minister of State for Railways Rajen Gohain and Railway Board chairman Ashwani Lohani inaugurated the workshop.

About Mission Raftaar:

‘Mission Raftaar’ aims at doubling the average speed of freight trains and increasing the average speed of coaching trains by 25 kmph over a five-year period.

The average speed of freight trains is 24 kmph and that of passenger trains, excluding suburban trains, is 44 kmph. Increasing the average speed of trains is considered essential for reducing travel time for passengers, transit time for cargo, operational cost, and improving revenues and the railway’s market share.

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