When it comes to salary, women in India are paid 34% less than men

Women are paid the most unequally in India, compared to men, when it comes to hourly wages for labor.

On average, women are paid 34 percent less than men, a recent report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) has found.

Highlights of the report:

  • The gender wage gap has remained unchanged at 20% from 2016 to 2017.
  • In advanced economies (G20), real wage growth declined from 0.9 percent in 2016 to 0.4 percent in 2017, meaning near stagnation. By contrast, in emerging economies and developing G20 countries, real wage growth dipped marginally from 4.9 percent in 2016 and 4.3 percent in 2017.
  • Inequality is higher in monthly wages, with a gap of 22 percent.
  • Overall, real wages grew just 1.8 percent globally (136 countries) in 2017.
  • In most countries, women and men differ significantly in respect of working time – specifically, that part-time work is more prevalent among women than among men.
  • The report advocated that emphasis needs to be placed on ensuring equal pay for women and men.
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Gender wage gap highest in India, women are paid 34% less than men: ILO

Women are paid the most unequally in India, compared to men, when it comes to hourly wages for labor. On average, women are paid 34 percent less than men, a recent report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) has found. This gap in wages, known as the gender wage gap, is the highest among 73 countries studied in the report.

The trend holds true globally as well, but with lower levels of inequality among the sexes, where on average, hourly wages of women are 16 percent less than those of men. Inequality is higher in monthly wages, with a gap of 22 percent.

Overall, real wages grew just 1.8 percent globally (136 countries) in 2017.

These findings are presented in the flagship publication of the ILO, the Global Wage Report 2018-19, which was released on November 26. With empirical evidence that gender wage gap is visible even with women with higher levels of education, the report advocated that “emphasis needs to be placed on ensuring equal pay for women and men”.

This gender wage gap has remained unchanged at 20 percent from 2016 to 2017. Women are paid higher hourly wages than men in Bangladesh.

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the United Nations agency for the world of work. It sets international labor standards, promotes rights at work and encourages decent employment opportunities, the enhancement of social protection and the strengthening of dialogue on work-related issues.

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In work & politics, India gender inequality extremely high, suggests report

Gender inequality in India is extremely high at the workplace and in terms of legal protection and political voice, according to a recent report by the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) for the Asia-Pacific region.

The report assessed inequality on the basis of a Gender Parity Score (GPS) that uses 15 indicators of gender equality in work and society. With 1.0 signifying parity, India’s score was 0.30 in gender equality at work and 0.78 in legal protection and political voice.

Advancing women’s equality in the countries of Asia Pacific, the report suggests, could add $4.5 trillion to their collective GDP annually in 2025, a 12% increase over a business-as-usual GDP trajectory. This presumes a best-in-region scenario in which each country matches the rate of progress of the fastest-improving country in its region — China in the case of the Asia-Pacific. If this were achieved, India would add $770 billion in 2025 over and above its business-as-usual GDP, it says.

Comparing the 15 indicators under four broad categories, the report finds India behind the Asia-Pacific average in all four, but ahead of Bangladesh and Pakistan. It notes, however, that India has progressed faster than any other country in the Asia-Pacific region in the last 10 years, primarily due to advances in education and a reduction in maternal mortality.

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