Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)

The 1st regional workshop on the star rating of garbage-free cities, organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in collaboration with the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) was inaugurated

The Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) focuses on two key objectives- the eradication of open defecation and 100% scientific solid waste management (SWM) across all 4041 statutory towns and cities. To continue the momentum on scientific management of solid waste and motivate cities to achieve more cleanliness, the Star-Rating Protocol of Garbage Free Cities was launched by MoHUA on January 20, 2018.  The 7-star rating is innovatively designed on a SMART (Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification and Targeted towards outcomes) approach – making it the first-of-its-kind rating tool for assessing the cleanliness of cities and towns in India. The system, based on 12 parameters, builds on the spirit of healthy competition among cities and the aspirations of cities to progress towards higher standards of “Swachhata” and its sustainability. This was the first in a series of 17 workshops scheduled to be held across all states by June 2018 to institutionalize the protocol towards a Garbage Free India.

STAR RATING OF GARBAGE FREE CITIES -Parameters of star rating system

It is a single metric rating system, based on 12 parameters:

  1. Door-to-Door Collection
  2. Segregation at source
  3. Sweeping of public, commercial and residential areas (no visible eyesores on streets)
  4. Waste Storage Bins, Litter Bins and material recovery facility
  5. Bulk Waste Generators compliance
  6. Scientific Waste Processing, Scientific Landfilling and C&D Waste Management
  7. User Fees, Penalties, Spot Fines for littering and Enforcement of Ban on Plastic
  8. Citizen grievance redressal and feedback system
  9. Eradication of crude dumping of garbage and dump remediation
  10. Cleaning of storm drains and the surface of water bodies
  11. Waste Reduction
  12. Visible beautification in the city.

Key Features of 7-star rating-Designed on a SMART approach:

  • SINGLE METRIC– Rating criteria encapsulates all components of MSWM as well as plastic waste, waste in drains and water bodies
  • MEASURABLE– Criteria under each star rating has measurable parameters (e.g.% of HHs covered by D2D collection, % of waste processed, etc.)
  • ACHIEVABLE– Each criterion and associated parameter has been devised to ensure that it is realistically achievable by cities.
  • RIGOROUS VERIFICATION– Robust 2-step verification mechanism for both self-declaration and third-party verification. Cities rated 1, 2 and 4-star must carry out self-assessment and self-verification, while 3-star, 5-star and 7-star cities will need to be certified by an independent third party. Moreover, a city should be ODF before going for 3-star and above certification.
  • TARGETED TOWARDS OUTCOMES– Based on verifiable outcomes rather than inputs and processes (e.g. remediation of dumpsites, regular sweeping, the collection of user charges, etc.)

Strengths of star rating protocol

  • Outcome-based tool rather than process based, hence will enable institutionalization of good practices such as source segregation, scientific waste processing, penalties & spot fines for littering, and compliance of bulk waste generators, etc.
  • Designed to enable cities to gradually evolve into a model (7-star) city, with progressive improvements in their overall cleanliness.
  • At the 7-star level, 3R components of 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) incorporated.
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