UNNATI (UNispace Nanosatellite Assembly & Training by ISRO)

India announced a capacity building programme UNNATI (UNispace Nanosatellite Assembly & Training by ISRO) on Nanosatellites development through a combination of theoretical coursework and hands-on training on Assembly, Integration, and Testing (AIT) in June 2018  to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the first United nation conference UNISPACE+50.

UNNATI Programme:

The UNNATI Programme is to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE+50).

UNNATI programme is planned to be conducted by U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) of ISRO for 3 years in 3 batches and will target to benefit 90 officials from 45 countries.

The primary objectives of the programme are:

  • To offer a simplified and increased exposure to satellite fabrication technologies, as part of the UNISPACE initiative.
  • To provide a theoretical course on satellite technology.
  • To provide hands-on training to assemble, integrate and test a low cost, modular nanosatellite.

IMD Bulletin about the Average Temperatures in 2018: Key Facts

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has released a bulletin highlighting the essential characteristics of the climatic ailments of 2018:

India’s common indicate regular monthly temperatures had been “warmer than the normal” for the duration of all the months of the 12 months except December.

This additional than ordinary necessarily mean monthly temperature is attributed to world-wide warming.

The yearly indicate area air temperature averaged over the country in 2018 was +.41 diploma Celsius earlier mentioned (1981-2010 interval) normal.

The yr 2018 was the sixth warmest calendar year on record gave that nationwide records commenced in 1901.

The other warmest many years on file are 016 (+.72 degree Celsius), 2009 (+.56 diploma Celsius), 2017 (+.55 degree Celsius), 2010 (+.54 diploma Celsius) and 2015 (+.42 degree Celsius), which are all the latest years.

The stressing element is 11 out of 15 warmest a long time ended up in the course of the current earlier 15 years (2004-2018) and total 2018 was the sixth warmest yr on history due to the fact nationwide information commenced in 1901.

India recorded 1,428 fatalities in 2018 because of too severe climate gatherings and heavy rains and subsequent flooding, dust storms, thunderstorms and lightning claimed fifty percent the lives.

Cyclones Titli and Gaja killed nearly 122 men and women.

India Meteorological Section (IMD)

  • India Meteorological Section (IMD) is the chief govt company for meteorological expert services in the place. Fashioned in 1875, IMD capabilities under Ministry of Earth Sciences and is headquartered in New Delhi. It deals with every little thing connected to meteorology, seismology and related subjects like
  • Endeavor meteorological observations and deliver existing details and forecasting data for the most favorable procedure of weather-dependent activities this kind of as irrigation, agriculture, aviation, transport, and many others.
  • Supplying warnings versus intense weather conditions phenomenon this sort of as tropical cyclones, norwesters, dust storms, heat waves, cold waves, significant rains, hefty snow, etc.
  • Delivering achieved-linked figures needed for agriculture, industries, h2o methods administration, oil exploration, and any other strategically important things to do for the country.
  • Engaging in the analysis in meteorology and allied subjects.
  • Detecting and finding earthquakes and assess seismicity in different sections of the region for developmental jobs.
  • From a modest starting in 1875, IMD has progressively expanded its infrastructure for meteorological observations, forecasting and temperature expert services. IMD was the very first organization in India to undertake a message switching laptop or computer to aid its world data trade.

Kumbh Mela 2019: World’s largest religious and cultural human congregation begins in UP

The world’s largest religious and cultural human congregation, ‘Kumbh 2019’ began at Prayagraj (erstwhile Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh on January 15, 2019, and will go on till March 4, 2019.

This 7-week event began with the holy dip at Sangam, the confluence of three rivers – Ganga, Yamuna, and mythical Saraswati. The first bathing was taken by saints and seers of different Akharas.

About Kumbh Mela:

  • The Kumbh Mela (the festival of the sacred pitcher) is anchored in Hindu mythology.
  • It is the largest public gathering and collective act of faith, anywhere in the world.
  • Crowds gather at the sacred confluence of the Ganga, the Yamuna, and the mystical Sarasvati. Primarily, this congregation includes Ascetics, Saints, Sadhus, Sadhvis, Kalpvasis, and Pilgrims from all walks of life.
  • The Mela was included in the list of “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO in 2017.

Celebration:

  • Kumbh Mela is celebrated four times over a course of 12 years.
  • The geographical location of Kumbh Mela spans over four locations in India and the Mela site keeps rotating between one of the four pilgrimage places on four sacred rivers as listed below:
  • Haridwar on the Ganges in Uttarakhand.
  • Ujjain on the Shipra in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Nashik on the Godavari in Maharashtra.
  • Prayagraj at the confluence of the Ganges, the Yamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati in Uttar Pradesh.

Selection of site:

Each site’s celebration is based on a distinct set of astrological positions of the Sun, the Moon, and the Jupiter. The celebrations occur at the exact moment when these positions are fully occupied, as it is considered to be the holiest time in Hinduism.

Armed Forces Veterans Day

The Armed Force are celebrating the Veterans Day on 14 Jan to honour the veterans of the Army, Navy and Air Force.  To mark the occasion, veteran rallies will be held country wide at Armed Forces stations.  The main celebration in Delhi will take place at the Manekshaw Centre, Delhi Cantt.  Raksha Mantri and Raksha Rajya Mantri will grace the occasion amongst many other eminent officials associated with the Veterans affairs.

This special day started as a day to reflect upon the heroism of those who died in our country’s service and was originally called Armistice Day.

It fell on Nov. 11 because that is the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I.

However, in 1954, the holiday was changed to ‘Veterans Day’ in order to account for all veterans in all wars.

For the first time the Indian Armed Forces celebrated the Veteran’s Day on 14th January 2015, the day on which the first Field Marshall General KM Cariappa retired from service.

Centre signs pact with 5 States on Renuka dam

The Centre has signed an agreement with Chief Ministers of five States — Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh — to restart construction of the Renuka multipurpose dam project in the Upper Yamuna Basin.

The Renuka dam project has been conceived as a storage project on the Giri river (a tributary of the Yamuna) in Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. The project envisages making a 148-meter-high dam for supplying water to Delhi and other basins States. It will also generate 40 MW of power.

The Renuka dam project has been conceived as a storage project on the Giri river (a tributary of the Yamuna) in Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh.

The project envisages making a 148-meter-high dam for supplying water to Delhi and other basins States. It will also generate 40 MW of power.

Funding: Around 90% of the cost of irrigation/drinking water component of the project i.e. ₹3,892.83 crore will be provided by the Central government and the remaining ₹432.54 crore by the rest of the basin States.

Significance and impacts:

After the construction of the dam, the flow of the Giri river will increase by about 110%, which will help meet the drinking water needs of Delhi and another basin States.

Water from the Renuka dam will be used by U.P., Haryana and National Capital Territory of Delhi from Hathnikund barrage, by the NCT of Delhi from Wazirabad barrage and by U.P., Haryana, and Rajasthan from the Okhla barrage.

VP Naidu inaugurates 25th edition of Partnership Summit 2019 in Mumbai

Governor of Maharashtra C. Vidyasagar Rao and Union Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu, and other dignitaries were present on the occasion. New India Rising to Global Occasions is the theme of the inaugural session of the Summit.

What is it?

The Partnership Summit provides for a global platform to dialogue, debate, deliberate and engage Indian and global leaders on economic policy and growth trends in India.

It is expected to build new partnerships and explore investment opportunities through high-level exchanges and B2B meetings.

It will showcase India in the present landscape of an emerging “New India”, the “New Global Economic Address”.

CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in India’s development process.

Founded in 1895, India’s premier business association has around 9000 members, from the private as well as public sectors, including SMEs and MNCs.

CII works to create and sustain an environment conducive to the development of India, partnering industry, Government, and civil society, through advisory and consultative processes.

Collegium Recommends Justices Dinesh Maheshwari and Sanjiv Khanna for Elevation to SC

The Supreme Court Collegium has recommended the names of Justice Dinesh Maheshwari, the chief justice of the Karnataka High Court, and Justice Sanjiv Khanna of the Delhi High Court for elevation as judges of the apex court.

The five-member Collegium headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi took the decision in its meeting on January 10 to recommend the names of justices Maheshwari and Khanna for their elevation to the Supreme Court.

The decision of the Collegium, comprising justices A K Sikri, S A Bobde, N V Ramana and Arun Mishra, was made public on the apex court’s website Friday.

The apex court, which has a sanctioned strength of 31 judges, is presently functioning with 26 judges.

The decision put on the website noted the issue of elevation of judges was deliberated on December 12, 2018, when Justice M B Lokur was also a member of the Collegium.

Justice Mishra became a member of the Collegium after Justice Lokur retired on December 30.

Launch of Sino-Indian Digital Collaboration Plaza

The Sino-Indian Digital Collaboration Plaza (SIDCOP), an initiative to bring Indian IT companies and Chinese enterprises closer to each other on a single AI enabled platform was launched on 10th January 2019. This is a partnership by National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) with Municipal Governments of Guiyang and Dalian. A Joint Venture comprising of one Indian and Chinese company has been tasked with the running of the platform.

About the SIDCOP:

The initiative aims to bring Indian IT companies and Chinese enterprises closer to each other on a single AI enabled platform. This platform will be managed by a joint venture comprising of one Indian and Chinese company.

The initiative aims to encash the expertise of Indian IT enterprises in business transformation and operational optimization by using IT tools in complex business environments.

It offers a boundary-less marketplace for Chinese enterprises in order to assist them in operational optimization and adopting industry best practices in business solutions by connecting with Indian enterprises.

National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM):

NASSCOM is a not-for-profit industry association and is the apex body for the Indian IT-BPM industry.

The membership of the NASSCOM is open for Companies registered in India and are focused on providing IT-BPM products and services.

NASSCOM aims to make sure that service quality and enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights have been properly implemented in the Indian software and BPM industry.

PM to release a Commemorative Coin to mark the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh ji

Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a commemorative coin on Guru Gobind Singh Ji, on January 13, 2019, at 7 Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi. The event marks the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The Prime Minister will also address a select gathering on this occasion.

The Tenth Guru of Sikhs- Guru Gobind Singh has been a source of inspiration for many through his teachings and ideals. Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended 350th birth anniversary celebrations of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj in Patna on January 5, 2017. He released a commemorative postage stamp to mark the occasion. In his address, the Prime Minister underlined how Guru Gobind Singh made a unique attempt to unite the country through the Khalsa sect and the five PanchPyaras belonged to different parts of India. He said that Guru Gobind Singh Ji put knowledge at the core of his teaching.

Recalling Guru Gobind Singh’s fight for the weaker sections, the Prime Minister in his Mann Ki Baat radio program broadcast on 30th December 2018 said that Guru Gobind Singh ji believed that the biggest service is to alleviate human sufferings. He lauded Guru Gobind Singh Ji for his heroism, sacrifice, and devotion.

At the Ludhiana National MSME Awards ceremony on 18h October 2016, the Prime Minister recalled how Guru Gobind Singh’s message that people should consider entire mankind as one- no one is superior or inferior, no one is touchable or untouchable is still relevant. In his Independence Day Address on 15th August 2016, Prime Minister once again brought to the fore the saga of sacrifice for the country which has been the tradition of Sikh Gurus.

Death of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru.

On 7 October 1708, Guru Gobind Singh died of wounds inflicted when he was stabbed by an assassin. He was the last Sikh Guru.

Born Gobind Rai, Guru Gobind Singh was installed as the Sikh Guru aged nine when his father and the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb for refusing to embrace Islam.

His notable contribution to Sikhism is the establishment of the Khalsa in 1699.

The only son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna in December 1666.

He was educated in reading, writing, and also martial arts, archery, and horse riding.

Not only was he a brave warrior, but he was also a great poet and philosopher.

His literary contributions include the Jaap Sahib, Benti Chaupai, Amrit Savaiye, etc.

He took part in many battles, particularly against the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.

In the Battle of Anandpur (1704), the Guru lost his mother and two minor sons who were executed. His eldest sons also died in battle.

The Khalsa: Guru Gobind Singh’s most significant contribution was the institutionalising of the Khalsa, which was basically a warrior community. An initiation ceremony called Amrit Pehul was created and rules were formulated for the Khalsas. A male Khalsa was given the title ‘Singh’ and a female was given the title ‘Kaur’. This code solidified the martial spirit of the Sikh community.

Guru Gobind Singh started the tradition of the Five K’s for the Khalsa. The Five K’s are kesh (uncut hair), kanga (wooden comb), kara (iron or steel bracelet), kirpan (dagger) and kacchera (short breeches). These were the five articles of faith that a khalsa must always adorn. The tradition is still followed.

The Guru also laid down many other rules for the khalsa warriors to follow like abstaining from tobacco, alcohol, halal meat, etc. The khalsa warrior was also duty-bound to protect innocent people from persecution. Everyone was treated equally and caste was abolished.

The Khalsa tradition was responsible for converting the Sikhs into a strong and disciplined fighting group. This also paved the way for the establishment of the Sikh Empire under Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1799.

Another significant contribution of Guru Gobind Singh was the enshrining the Sikh scripture Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism. Thus, after his death, there were no more Gurus in human form.

Guru Gobind Singh also wrote the Zafarnama which was a letter to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb is believed to have agreed to a meeting with the Guru but died before that.

The Guru along with his troops was stationed in the Deccan when two Afghan assassins commissioned by Wazir Khan gained access to the camp. One of the assassins stabbed the Guru at Nanded. The assassin was killed by the Guru while his accomplice was killed by Sikh guards. Guru Gobind Singh died of wounds a few days later on 7 October 1708 aged 42.

After the Guru’s death, there ensued a long and bitter war between the Sikhs and the Mughals.

National Wildlife Board clears ONGC Trishna gas project

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) Tripura Asset would soon start extracting natural gas from Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Belonia subdivision of Gomati district following National Wildlife Board’s clearance of its proposal.

As the gas bearing zones are in the wildlife sanctuary, we needed permission from the National Wildlife Board. The National Wildlife Board, following recommendations from the state Wildlife Board, has cleared the project

The gas extracted from Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary would be transported to the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd (NEEPCO) owned 100 MW gas-based thermal power project at Monarchak in Sonamura subdivision of Sipahijala district.

The geographical,  area of the state still remains to be explored and it would be a great achievement if gas is discovered in even 10 per cent area.