Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, whose experience and stability was widely seen as a balance to an unpredictable president, resigned in protest of President Trump’s decision to withdraw American forces from Syria and his rejection of international alliances.
Mr Mattis had repeatedly told friends and aides over recent months that he viewed his responsibility to protect the United States’ 1.3 million active-duty troops as worth the concessions necessary as defence secretary to a mercurial president. But on Thursday, in an extraordinary rebuke of the president, he decided that Mr Trump’s decision to withdraw roughly 2,000 American troops from Syria was a step too far.
What is the Syrian Crisis?
Syria is a west Asian Country bordering Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, and Israel. The civil war in Syria is regarded as the most brutal conflict in the world which started off in 2011 and is still on. The primary reasons for the unrest in Syria can be summarized as below.
The conflict between Shia Islam and Sunni Islam
The root of this conflict can be traced to sectarian conflicts in the region existing there for centuries. Shia Islam and Sunni Islam are the two major denominations of Islam Religion. With Saudi Arabia regarding itself as the leader of Sunni Muslims and Iran as the protector of Shia Muslims, the West Asian region is divided under these two leaders. Saudi and Iran started playing an important role in the geopolitical conflicts in the region.
The absence of an accountable government
Along with this, the absence of an accountable and democratic Government. In most of the west Asian Countries created discontent among the citizens. A democratic movement against the authoritarian Government started in Tunisia in 2011 popularly known as ‘Arab Spring’ or ‘The Jasmine revolution’. This inspired other countries in the region to raise their voice against their Governments.