The exercise will involve 25 lakh trained enumerators; use of maps at the time of house listing under consideration.
Census 2021 will for the first time collect data on Other Backward Classes (OBC).
A senior Minister said the decision to count the OBCs in the next Census was to get a correct perspective on the social status in the country.
The 2011 caste data collected as part of Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) is yet to be released by the Centre. As per the National Commission for Backward Classes, there are 2,479 entries in the Central list of the OBCs
The 2011 Census collected information in 29 categories that included a separate column for Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes. A senior Home Ministry official said the OBCs would also be an option in the column in 2021.
Home Minister also emphasized the need for improvement in Civil Registration System, especially on registration of birth and death in remote areas, and strengthening sample registration system for estimating the data namely, infant mortality rate, maternal mortality ratio, and fertility rates,” the statement said.
The Census Organisation was set up on an ad-hoc basis for each Census till the 1951 Census when the Census Act was enacted in 1948 to provide for the scheme of conducting population census with duties and responsibilities of census officers.
As per the 2011 Census, the country’s population stood at 1.21 billion, almost equal to the combined population of the U.S., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Japan put together [1214.3 million].
Earlier, the Home Ministry issued a notification that the data collected during the 2021 Census would be stored electronically, also a first.
Presently, the “schedules” (a tabular form containing details of individuals), carried by enumerators to households was being stored in a physical format government’s storehouse in Delhi. It is based on these schedules that the relevant statistical information on population, language, occupation, etc, are sorted from and published.