A total of 14 lakh AWCs have been sanctioned to various States/UTs across the country which consists of about 1.36 lakh AWCs located in the urban areas. As on 01.06.2018, 13.63 lakh AWCs (rural and urban) are operational.
As per the data captured through the ICDS Monitoring Information System, about 24.3% AWCs out of 13.63 lakh operational AWCs (rural and urban) are running in rented buildings.
Anganwadi is a type of rural mother and child care center in India. They were started by the Indian government in 1975 as part of the Integrated Child Development Services program to combat child hunger and malnutrition.
They provide a package of six services–supplementary nutrition, referral services, immunization, health check-up, pre-school non-formal education and health and nutrition education– to women and children.
About a third of total 13.6 lakh Anganwadi centers have neither toilets nor drinking water facilities.
In Manipur, only 21 percent AWCs have drinking water facilities followed by Arunachal Pradesh (28.51 percent), Uttarakhand (29.04 percent), Karnataka (38.76 percent), Telangana (40.21 percent), Jammu and Kashmir (48.18 percent) and Maharashtra (53.47 percent).
Similarly, in Telangana only 21.30 per cent AWCs have toilets, followed by Manipur (27.05 per cent), Jharkhand (38.74 per cent), Andhra Pradesh (43.93 per cent), Jammu and Kashmir (44.11 per cent), Assam (47.51 per cent), Arunachal Pradesh (48.73 per cent) and Odisha (52.64 per cent).
Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS):
ICDS is one of the flagship initiatives of Govt. of India that is being implemented in the state by WCD Dept.
ICDS seeks to provide young children with an integrated package of services such as supplementary nutrition, health care, and pre-school education.
ICDS programme seeks to provide all basic essential services to children and mothers in an integrated manner right in their villages or wards. Gradually, the scheme has been expanded to urban slums and to rural and tribal blocks.